According to Dag Einar Thorsen’s paper about “The Neoliberal Challenge” and the “The History of Street Gangs in the United States” published in the National Gang Center Bulletin by James C. Howell and John P. Moore, the street gangs had emerged from the need of protection from conflicts around immigration movements into stablished societies.
On a decade where civil wars and poverty was inducing immigration movements into stronger economies where was a belief of better life and more work opportunities, local communities felt attacked in a social way. Their community was being invaded by strangers with different costumes and behaviours. The fear from the unknown let them to take a defensive position and because they couldn’t ensure their own safety, the community start to act as one.
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